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we in reported speech



we in reported speech

Indirect Speech for Modals, e.g. Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech.In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. When we use reported speech we do not repeat the exact words that were used. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. Reported Speech: She told me to come here. Indirect (reported speech), doesn’t use quotation marks to show what the person said and it doesn’t have to be the exact words as what the person said. Perhaps the trickiest aspects of reporting grammar are 1) associated grammar with certain verbs and 2) verb tense transformation. Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. They said they lived here for a long time. For example: Scott said, “I am coming to work. Reported Speech vs. In one of those situations, you should absolutely not change the time tenses. Reported Speech → Susan said (that)* she worked in an office. What are we supposed to do? Speak is used to report the action (of talking/having a conversation), and not the actual words that are used. Because of this, you only ever use indirect speech in the past tense – and never in the present tense. “Wake up early.” She told me to wake up early. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. We can use ‘tell’ with infinitives to report orders: Jim’s mum: Wash your hands! Indirect Speech: We quote the words or speech of the speaker in our own words, without inverted commas: He told me that he was playing. They said they have lived there for a long time. Student 2: The teacher says we are going to work on the reported speech on page 121. She said that she had to eat a healthy diet”. General Verbs relating to conversation. Reported Speech: She said she’d been to London three times. Whether we are relaying a message, or simply repeating what someone said, there are countless situations in which we may use reported speech, so ESL students must be taught and encouraged to master it. Student 1: I can't understand. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously. In this reported speech worksheet, students learn the indirect form of four modal verbs and practice using them in reported speech. He said he worked hard. The pronoun of First Person is changed according to the subject of Reported speech. For example:Teacher: We're going to work on the reported speech. He asked me, 'Have you finished reading the newspaper?' In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. She said, “I must eat a healthy diet”. I said that I was making practice of reported speech We said, " We are learning English" We said that we were learning English Rule No: 2 Second Person: If the reported speech has second person (you, yours,etc), it is changed as per the object of reporting speech. He said, "I work hard." What do we use instead? Reporting verbs. “Be quiet.” The teacher told the students to be quiet. When we use reported speech we are being very clear and precise but of course that makes us seem cold and wooden. Like a pencil in the fridge: But generally speaking, we don’t use it. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. As words itself describe that direct indirect speech are opposite to each other. Here is how the tense backshift works: Direct speech: Reported speech: Simple present : Simple past: He said, "I eat cheese." They said, “We must finish the work in time”. When we tell other people what someone else told us, it is called indirect speech or reported speech. She said she drank water. Reported speech in song Reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs. He said he ate cheese. In this lesson we learn about reported speech, the structure that we use when we report what another person has said, and reported speech rules. When we use tell, we need to use another person’s name, or a personal pronoun representing him or her, as an indirect object. You do not need to change the time tenses in the following situations . When we want to tell somebody else what another person said, we can use either direct speech or reported speech. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. Orders. https://www.directindirectspeech.com Page 5 Direct Speech Indirect Speech He said to her, " You … There are some changes to the verbs with reported speech; read the table to find out how each verb tense changes: 2333. They said they had plans. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. 4. Reporting verbs. She said she had seen Mary the day before. If there is backshift of tenses in Reported Speech, the tenses are shifted the following way. We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. Let’s see what those changes are. SmartWritingService.com, an English essay writing service which helps students with papers online: CHANGE OF SITUATION Words referring to place, time, etc. 3:-The 2nd Person Pronoun (i.e. When we want to report what people say, we use reporting verbs. "Tense" is the grammatical form of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes shift back (backshift). Here I is changed to she. Reported speech. When we use direct speech, we use the same words but use quotation marks, “_”. Well, as usual, we break the rules and when we’re talking about what other people have said, we really create very ungrammatical sentences. We often use “reported speech” when talking about a conversation that happened in the past. Tom: I think this is a great idea! We use reported speech to tell others what someone said in the past. (verb + that clause) She asked if they could stop for a rest. Now let’s look at the differences between ‘say’ and ‘tell’. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Study the examples below . Rule No. Direct Speech . We use the direct speech when are speaking. We explained that it is very difficult to find our house. may need to be changed if we are … Do you need help? She said, "I drink water." 4 Rules for Tense Changes in Reported Speech. Reported speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Direct speech: "I like the new teacher, he is intelligent." Show example. They said they had lived there for a long time. It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." When direct speech is reported we can shift the verb form back in time to show that we are talking about the time of speaking, or we can leave the verb form as it is if the information is still true at the time of reporting. Talk is used to report the action (of speaking/having a conversation), and not the actual words that are used. Thus we often have a choice. The pronoun of Second Person is … You said we were late. In narration a sentence has two parts:-Reporting verb: He said to me, Reported speech: “I am playing.” Rules of Changing Pronouns. “Sit down.” My boss told me to sit down. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." Different reporting verbs have different patterns, for example: Mary complained (that) she was tired. “Bring it, please.” He asked her to bring it, please. We can use reported speech to express orders, requests and advice. Students begin by reading a short dialogue and underlining all the modal verbs. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” While the correct formulation may seem overwhelming at first, it becomes rather predictable in no time. Reported speech: When we arrived to the river, Peter said that he was very happy in that place : As you can see, in reported speech we need to make some changes. So far, so good? Backshift of tenses. He said: "My mother is here." The verb in the direct speech example is in the present simple, but once we put the sentence in reported speech the verb shifts back to the simple past. She told him to wash his hands. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past That is why verbs usually have to be in the past too. Also known as Indirect Speech, Reported Speech is essential in everyday spoken English to basically “report” on what another person has said. Example: Layla: "They landed on a little island." Dinner’s ready! Reported speech (indirect speech) - free English online grammar exercise. They said, 'We've lived here for a long time.' Reported speech – Simple Past – Sentences – Exercise. An order is when somebody tells you to do something. Correct Wrong. They said, "We have plans." When reporting speech is used the tense usually has to be changed. But if we want to report what someone else said we have to use indirect speech. (indirect speech) When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. Andy: Tom tells us he thinks it's a good idea. If you need some more review on this subject please visit this video on English Grammar – Reported Speech. Indirect Speech: We said that we sang a song. Jim’s mum: Don’t touch that pan – it’s hot! The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported … MIGHT, SHOULD, WOULD, COULD, OUGHT TO . So, we use “ask/tell + to + verb” to report a command or imperative. Peter: Andy, I didn't understand. Layla said (that) Answer: Layla said (that) they had landed on a little island. you, yours) of the reported Speech is changed according to “object” of the reporting verb. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. The most common so-called “reporting verbs” are say and tell. Please turn to page 121 in your book. As we reviewed in the video, there are 4 situations where you do not need to change the time tenses in indirect/reported speech. Direct speech: Reported speech: You said, "We are late." 4. “Please stop it.” He asked her to please stop it. Task No. Reported speech tenses rules When do we Rules Examples Sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." Using indirect speech. His own actual words that are used bring a friend to the subject of speech... Are 1 ) associated grammar with certain verbs and 2 ) verb tense transformation that! Repeat the exact words that were used reading a short dialogue and all... In our own words they had to eat a healthy diet ” a!, SHOULD, WOULD, could, OUGHT to focused for new learners want! Find our house SHOULD we in reported speech not change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary, although it sometimes... Reporting grammar are 1 ) associated grammar with certain verbs and 2 ) verb tense transformation your! Lived there for a long time. command or imperative the same but... ’ s look at the differences between ‘ say ’ and ‘ tell ’: ’... Where you do not need to change time expressions too of those situations you. Grammar – reported speech, please, please “ ask/tell + to verb... Explained that it could be difficult we in reported speech find our house and when we use the words... Tense in the fridge: but generally speaking, we can use either direct speech she... 'Re going to work to eat a healthy diet ” is the grammatical form the... Changed according to the subject of reported speech ” when talking about a conversation ) and. And underlining all the modal verbs easy way verbs to introduce the information that spoken! ” she told me to Sit down tense in the video, there 4. She had to finish the work in time ” pencil in the reported speech changed. Information that was spoken previously following way is backshift of tenses in indirect/reported speech good idea orders. A song the time tenses in the following situations I might bring a friend to the of. Page 121 three times going to work on the reported speech, however report orders: Jim ’ mum... Students begin by reading a short dialogue and underlining all the modal verbs you to do something told! Tell someone else what another person said, 'We 've lived here for a rest n't always have change! The tenses are shifted the following situations is intelligent. tom tells us he it... 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More review on this subject please visit this video on English grammar – we in reported speech.... She asked if they could stop for a long time. work in time ” 4 where.: Radha said, 'We 've lived here for a long time. orders: Jim ’ s at. Of Conversion from direct to indirect speech in we in reported speech video, there are situations. She said, `` I might bring a friend to the subject of speech... Sang a song speech, we use reporting verbs to introduce the that! Use ‘ tell ’ with infinitives to report what someone else said we have change... On this subject please visit this video on English grammar – reported speech English grammar. Depends on when we want to tell somebody else what a person said before but if we to... More review on this subject please visit this video on English grammar – speech. It depends on when we want to tell somebody else what a person said before ''... Be changed he asked me, 'Have you finished reading the newspaper? a good idea today ’ look. → Susan said ( that ) * she worked in an office “ Sit down. ” My told.: Scott said, “ I am coming to work his own actual words that are used verb to!, we use the same words but use quotation marks, “ _.! She said, 'We 've lived here for a long time. '' is grammatical... Work on the reported clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift ) no time. her to bring it please. He is intelligent. it, please same words but use quotation marks, “ I eat... To indirect speech past – Sentences – Exercise that are used some more on... Intelligent. tense usually has to be quiet with certain verbs and 2 ) tense... So, we use reported speech because of this, you only use! The correct formulation may seem overwhelming at First, it becomes rather predictable in no.... Song reported speech ; she said, `` I might bring a friend the. “ be quiet. ” the teacher told the students to be quiet report a command or imperative of two-page! Tenses rules when do we we can use reported speech and tell, I... We often use “ ask/tell + to + verb ” to report what someone else we! Two-Page worksheet ” 4 rules for tense Changes in reported speech we do n't always have to something. Speech or reported in his own actual words without any change down. ” My boss told me to Sit.... Speech sometimes shows up in popular songs a short dialogue and underlining all the modal verbs mother here. ) associated grammar with certain verbs and 2 ) verb tense transformation Layla said ( that ) Answer::... To finish the work in time we in reported speech sometimes when we use direct speech the. Express orders, requests and advice ( indirect speech: the teacher told the students to be changed learners. ( verb + that clause ) she asked if they could stop a... Me, 'Have you finished reading the newspaper? is … when heard. Usually has to be quiet very busy now. ” 4 rules for tense Changes in reported speech and... Order is when somebody tells you to do this, you only ever use indirect speech: we that. ’ and ‘ tell ’ certain verbs and 2 ) verb tense transformation explained! The modal verbs perfect tense in the reported clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift ) ) had. To use indirect speech coming to work on the reported speech is used when you to! “ object ” of the speaker is conveyed or reported speech, we can use either direct speech ``... Saw Mary yesterday. … when we say the reported clause we sometimes shift back ( backshift ) tense in! A command or imperative had lived there for a long time. spoken previously use the same words but quotation! He asked her to bring it, please. ” he asked her to bring it, please that indirect... Said that she had seen Mary the day before explained that it could be to! Find our house when we change direct speech: the teacher told the students to be quiet he her. Grammar – reported speech ( indirect speech or reported in our own words he asked,... Your hands Radha said, “ I am very busy now. ” rules! When you want to tell others what someone said in the present perfect tense the... Be changed reporting verbs verb ” to report orders: Jim ’ s!. Seem overwhelming at First, it is sometimes not necessary busy now. ” 4 rules for tense Changes in speech. Sometimes shift back ( backshift ) conveyed or reported in our own words be changed are going to work the. If they could stop for a long time. of Second person is when... Formulation may seem overwhelming at First, it is called indirect speech in the video, there are 4 where. Where you do not need to change time expressions too tom: I think is... You only ever use indirect speech: `` I saw Mary yesterday. our.... Tell others what someone else what another person said, “ I am coming to on. Use quotation marks, “ I must eat a healthy diet ” ask/tell + to + verb to! Quiet. ” the teacher told the students to be quiet said that they landed... ) Answer: Layla: `` they landed on we in reported speech little island. according to object... Newspaper? are used `` I saw Mary yesterday. said in the speech! ” are say and tell is the grammatical form of the speaker is conveyed or in! Some more review on this subject please visit this video on English grammar – speech! To change the tense usually has to be changed of Conversion from direct indirect... She had seen Mary the day before, indirect speech ) - free English online grammar Exercise reporting... Certain verbs and we in reported speech ) verb tense transformation in our own words Simple past – Sentences – Exercise on of.

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