3B. After India gained independence in 1947, it adopted the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 by the “Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order" in 1948. History 1894 • Land Acquisition Act, 1894 created by the British. The market value would be multiplied by a factor of, at least one to two times the market value for land acquired in rural areas and at least one times the market value for land acquired in urban areas. * * * * ၁ ၂ 3. PRELIMINARY. ). In case of dispute as to the sufficiency of the amount so paid the officer shall at once refer the dispute to the decision of the Collector or other chief revenue officer of the district, and such decision shall be final. The Collector shall give the objector an opportunity of being heard in person or by any person authorised by him or by an Advocate and shall, make a report to the appropriate Government, containing his recommendations on the objections, together with the record of the proceedings held by him along with a separate report giving therein the approximate cost of land acquisition, particulars as to the number of affected families likely to be resettled, for the decision of that Government. The primary purpose of the 1894 Act as the title suggested was ‘Land Acquisition ‘and its expedition, whereas the 2013 act is titled as ‘Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, which expands the ambit of the act to fair compensation, thorough resettlement and rehabilitation of those affected, adequate safeguards for … Damage means any harm done to land during the course of surveying it and other acts necessary to ascertain whether it is capable of being adapted for public purpose. 5. Please note that while this summary provides an overview of the key observations in the judgment, it is not exhaustive. 2013 In cases where PPP projects are involved or acquisition is taking place for private companies, the Bill requires the consent of no less than 70% and 80% respectively (in both cases) of those whose land is sought to be acquired. The second key issue pertained to the meanings of “paid” and “deposited” in Section 24(2). So, poor peoples’ land was acquired at … If the scheme is approved then the Commissioner shall under Section 18 cause the approved Rehabilitation and Resettlement Scheme to be made public in the following way: (i) in the local language to the Panchayat, Municipality or Municipal Corporation, as the case may be, and the offices of the District Collector, the Sub-Divisional Magistrate and the Tehsil; (iii) uploaded on the website of the appropriate Government. Shah and S. Ravindra Bhat agreed with the Union. If objections are made, the Collector will consider those objections and make his recommendation thereon in his report to government. Land Acquisition Act, 1894. The political turmoil resulting from land acquisition for mining and industrial projects led the UPA government to undertake a wide-ranging overhaul of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, and the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, (LARR Act, 2013) was enacted. ; or. Relying on case-law, it established that “or” should be interpreted as a “nor” in this specific statutory context, which is the equivalent of a conjunctive “and”. The research paper analyses the aims and objectives of the Act as well as its scope. In addition to disputing the meaning of “paid” in Section 24(2), the opposing counsels also disagreed about what “physical possession” entails. Section 15(3) provides that the decision of the appropriate Government on the objections shall be final. Land Acquisition is a concurrent subject under the constitution. Critical analysis of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition act, Rehabilitation, and Resettlement Act, or RFCTLARR Act . The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 is a legislation that regulates land acquisition and provides laid down rules for granting compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement to the affected persons in India. deeds registered during the preceding three years. It replaced the colonial Land Acquisition Act, 1894. He clarified that there is no requirement on the State to forcefully remove the previous landowners from the land in order to claim possession. Under Section 22 the Collector may also require any interested person to make or deliver to him a statement within 30 days containing the name of every other person possessing any interest in the land or any part thereof as co-proprietor, sub-proprietor, mortgagee, tenant or otherwise, and of the nature of such interest, and of the rents and profits, if any, received or receivable on account thereof for three years next preceding the date of the statement. 1894 once the acquiring authority has formed the intention to acquire a particular plot of land, it can carry out the acquisition regardless of how the person whose land is sought to be acquired is affected. Complexities arose out of the fact that the Court had to resolve how the 2013 Act interacts with its repealed predecessor - The Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (‘LA Act’). Time period during which the same is to be granted is specified as well. The Collector for the purpose of assessing the value of the standing crops damaged during the process of land acquisition may use the services of experienced persons in the field of agriculture as may be considered necessary by him. This led to the passing of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 which replaces the old Act. The appropriate Government may decide to extend the period of 12 months, if in its opinion circumstances exist justifying the same, which shall be recorded in writing and notified and be uploaded on the website of the authority concerned. Generally, in common law, a Bench cannot overturn a judgment of a Bench of the same strength. No person shall make any transaction or cause any transaction of land specified in the preliminary notification from the date of publication of such notification till such time as the proceedings of acquisition are completed. State amendments Andhra Pradesh 2. The below summary limits itself to the 6 March 2020 judgment. The Administrator shall, on completion of public hearing submit the draft Scheme for Rehabilitation and Resettlement along with a specific report on the claims and objections raised in the public hearing to the Collector. Acquisition Act of 1894, there was an absence of a cohesive national law that addressed fair compensation when private land is acquired for public use, and fair rehabilitation of land owners and those directly affected from loss of livelihoods. The process of acquisition begins with the issuance of preliminary notification, as envisaged under Section 11 of Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013. Text Search: 65 Record(s) | Page [1 of 7] Section - 1. The Administrator shall, based on the survey and census before, prepare a draft Rehabilitation and Resettlement Scheme, which shall include-. In case any person interested resides elsewhere, and has no agent, the Collector shall ensure that the notice shall be sent to him by post in letter addressed to him at his last known residence, address of business and also publish the same in at least two national daily newspapers and also on his website. This ensures that no forcible acquisition … Act 486 LAND ACQUISITION ACT 1960 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section 1. The exercise of the power of acquisition is limited to public Public Purpose and Consent The 2013 Act requires consent of 70%of the land owners in case of Public Private Partnership (PPP) Project(land acquisition for Jewar Airport in Greater Noida is an instance) and 80% of land owners in case of private entities. Of its obligation to pay, once it has tendered the appropriate Government on provisions. To carry out such survey private property for public purposes and for company has described! 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